Living among the forces of globalization
Globalization is the slow and gradual process of changing the world that is isolated into an integrated one. It is a change that is long-term which is aimed at international cooperation in some essential aspects such politics, economics, cultural values, knowledge exchange and social ideology. This phenomenon has been made possible by technological advancements especially the internet. Many developing countries have achieved interdependence that is top level in various industries such as political policy, trade, traveling and communications as countries in the world get more and more connected. Globalization is not a phenomenon that started in the modern era; it has been ongoing for many centuries and has led to many inventions such as the internet. There has been an exchange of culture between the human beings and international trade between countries for many years. The development of airplanes and motor vehicles made international trade simpler. The invention of the internet and other digital tools made globalization came into life. The following research paper is going to analyze and discuss the forces of globalization and dimensions that affect the human life.
Effects of Globalization
Trade has been a key aspect of globalization that promotes change in the world. Trade together with other forces such as technology in the communication industry and transportation has increased the speed of interconnection between people and interdependence between countries in the world. In the far North of America for example, people found soapstone which is a rock that is used in carvings to be plentiful. They traded this rock for wood which was also plentiful in the South of America. The reasons behind trading for most people are different. People exercise trading with the purpose of securing goods and services that are unavailable in their geographical area. People also trade with each other for less expensive goods and services. The quality of merchandise is also one factor that is considered before buying or selling of the product. Goods that are for trade range from natural resources in a particular region to stocks and bonds which are all different in these areas.
A transnational corporation is a company that establishes and manufactures products in several countries while being based in one country. Such companies have a paramount role to play in the process of globalization. By investing and delivering service in many countries, they provide employment opportunities for many people in those countries that would be otherwise jobless. It remains, however, to be questioned whether the opportunities availed to people require little skill and are of low-level positions. It is also an argument of many critics that the vast profits generated by multinational companies go to the parent countries where the headquarters are based and that they are not beneficial at all to the countries that produce the goods or those that offer market.
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Transportation is also a force in the globalization process that is essential in the conduction of trade. Over the centuries, people have used crude means of transportation like carts and camels to move their products to the various markets. In the modern era, goods and product are transported over long distances faster than ever before. According to research, close to 40% of all of the world's trade merchandise is shipped across the continents to various destinations in shipping containers. The maritime industry has been a major sector of the transport sector and commerce across the world. It has revolutionized this area by providing cheap and fast and safe means to carry merchandise over very long distances. The containers ensure the safety to any form of cargo by being sealed, and it is reliable because it is easy to keep track of the container. By transportation of goods being cheaper and reliable, the prices of goods in many markets have been affordable for many customers, and this has ensured growth in many developing countries. This container revolution has increased the speed of the process of globalization, and this has led to them being termed as the globalization building blocks. After the Second World War, people developed jets for passengers to move more quickly and more conveniently around the world. This has increased the process of globalization by people being able to quickly access services and doing trading across the continent.
Technology in the communication industry is also a force in the globalizing process. In the same way that the transportation of merchandise was revolutionized by the shipping containers, is the same way that the flow of information has been changed by the computers. In the early 1970's, the small personal computers became available to most people in the world, and a majority had the knowledge to use them from the trained experts. Computers have over the years become more powerful, more accessible and convenient to the people. This technological revolution has given birth to digital tools over the years such as cell phones, video cameras and other digital equipment in various industries. The internet when first created, it was very, and there was the development of the World Wide Web which was a system of the internet that could link documents that were specially formatted to other papers on the internet. This system is especially convenient because audio, graphical and video files can also be linked to documents on the internet. Advertising, marketing, and trade have been made available on the Internet through the World Wide Web in the recent years. The development of more portable computer devices for easy accessibility and convenience such as laptop computers, cellphones and PDAs has been crucial in the process of globalization. The improvisations of technological tools have made everything easier from the production of goods in the industries to the supplying of the goods and services to the different markets across the world. The period from production to the actual sale of an individual product has reduced significantly and thus the increment of some products in the markets. This fast flow of information has been one of the major factors that have increased the speed of the globalization process in the industry.
The media has also played its part in the process of globalization. Governments and big organizations began using the using the World Wide Web as a tool for interactive communication that could now broadcast any information that the organization wished to send through. In this new era, shopping, advertising, trading, banking, entertainment, and communication are all done by people online. If you look at newspapers, for example, they have now started publishing them online where people can get their daily news on mobile handsets and laptops wherever they are in any language that you want. Questions and comments about certain issues in the newspaper editions can even be sent through email to the publishers in a bid of getting involved and learning more about the information in hand. This ability to have first-hand information from other countries in such a convenient way has helped a lot of people doing business to make informed decisions regarding their businesses. In this way, it proves how the media has made a contribution to the process of globalization.
The globalization process has brought a lot of changes in life and made opportunities to be broad and endless, and although this is the case, the historical and cultural aspect of life has remained to be very significant. It is of complete importance to link the social movements and the process of globalization to protest the prevalent ideologies that are passed on through practices that are cultural in the society. Major social movements in the world today have opted to use democracy to reclaim the country from financial processes of transnational organizations and of global capitalism. Social movements and uprisings such as those seen in Egypt and Tunisia in the mid-1990's that protests towards capitalism have had their impact in the process of globalization. Major globalizing trends have over the years been of massive influence to popular mobilizations and contestations in different parts of the world have had influence in the process of globalization. This shows that the social movements and the globalization process are linked and are both transforming the world in different ways.
According to the study, due to the increase of globalization in many developing countries, economic growth and standards of living that are better have been achieved. It has led to competition between countries which have resulted in the lowering of commodity prices everywhere in the world to a considerable extent. Media influence has enabled people to draw focus to the countries that violate human rights and thus led to the improvement of the same. Globalization has resulted in sharing of solutions for common issues and concerns facing countries and has helped in making countries work together towards obtaining a common objective. This phenomenon has however widened the gap between the wealthy and the have-nots and many outsourcing countries of their resources and jobs. It has made many people suffer to obtain necessary requirements in some states and thus the people resulting to other vile means of getting food and other needs. This has seen an increase in crime and political instability at the expense of other people. This phenomenon brings inequality in the world where some people benefit handsomely while others needy people only get worse.