Dualism is a concept that there are two essential parts that intertwine creating the whole
Most often these two parts are in contrast to each other, like Yin and Yang, good and bad or in our case body and mind. These have to be independent and more or less equivalent forces that fir the dualism concept. The philosophical sense, dualism is considered to consist of body and mind, two very different yet inseparable matters.
The mind-body problem questions the kind of relationships between these two entities. One of the main questions is how does the mind responds to being trapped inside of the body? And how does the body reacts to being governed by the mind in a way? There are many written books that have different views about it.
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Dualism (from the Latin word duo meaning "two") denotes the state of two parts. The term dualism was originally coined to denote co-eternal binary opposition, a meaning that is preserved in metaphysical and philosophical duality discourse but has been more generalized in other usages to indicate a system which contains two essential parts.
In early history of dualism concept, despite two contrasting objects, the matter always drew more of the Plato’s attention. Earlier it was thought that the physical matter is miserable copy of the intangible and nearly divine matter. Descartes never favored something he could never see, and was fascinated with properties of the matters as many late followers. Despite all that everyone was questioning how two so drastically different concepts can interact so perfectly and function so well within one another. In the modern day and age when physical matter and scientific approach rule the world dualism has faced its crisis. Modern argument states that the mind is nothing but a product of the physical essence and it has absolutely no control over human body
Up until today it is called the body and mind problem as no one can draw the solution with fair amount of certainty, simply because these the mind and the matter are two fundamentally different concepts. No matter if you stack them or line them up, you can never adequately compare them to declare superiority of one.